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现代大学英语精读4第二版Unit3Groundless_Beliefs

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Groundless Beliefs A. E. Mander Groundless Beliefs Unit 3 W arming up B ackground T ext Analysis R einforcement Groundless Beliefs Unit 3 Questions / Activities Check-on Preview Objectives Warming up WB TR Warming up Questions / Activities Are carrots a rabbit’s favorite? How do you know? WB TR Questions / Activities Warming up Lesson 6 – Groundless Beliefs Aristotle vs. Galileo’s ? Why was Galileo able to prove Aristotle wrong? ? What lesson shall we learn from Galileo’s experiment? Warming up Check-on Preview ?What are the words used by the author in referring to groundless “beliefs”? --- propositions, assumptions, dogma, opinion ?According to the author where do these beliefs come from? --- from other people: family, friends, media, tradition, interest groups, etc. ?Why do we tend to accept these beliefs? --- “suggestion”, self-interest, sentimental associations, Fashion ?Why do we have to be on guard against them? --- most of them are irrational; they are _________ rather than thought. --- once they become so s________ in they prevent us from accepting new ideas. Warming up Objectives ? Call attention to groundless beliefs ? Understand the causes of groundless beliefs ? Discuss the importance of inquisition ? Consider the strategies against groundless beliefs ? Encourage students to actively identify groundless beliefs in life ? Appreciate the logic structure WB TR Groundless Beliefs Unit 3 Author Background WB TR Background Author His Life and Works ? A. E. Mander (1894–1985) ? A well-published Australian scholar. ? Books ? Logic for the millions ? Clearer thinking (logic for everyman) ? The making of the Australians ? Our sham democracy ? Psychology for everyman (and woman) ? Clearer thinking; logic for everyday use ? Public enemy, the press ? Alarming Australia Background Author Quotations from Mander’s book ? The trouble with most folks is not so much their ignorance, as their knowing so many things which ain't so. ---- Josh Billings ? He who cannot reason is a fool; he who will not is a bigot; he who dare not is a slave. -----W. Drummond Groundless Beliefs Theme Structure Detailed Analysis Unit 3 Text Analysis WB TR Text Analysis Theme ? Understand the sources of groundless beliefs ? Develop the alert to groundless beliefs ? Emphasize the importance of a curious, inquiring mind ? Discuss how to develop such a mind WB TR Text Analysis Structure I. The Introduction (para. 1): Prevalence of groundless beli



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