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高考英语说明文写作

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  说明文,在高考中我们也学会遇到,所以我们要在这之前把它的英语写作技巧记熟了。下面是小编给大家整理的,供大家参阅!

  技巧

  文体题型概述 ***一***统计分析

  说明文是今年来高考英语书面表达比较常见的一种体裁,其特点是对事物或做事情的方法进行客观地介绍。有些书面表达题虽是以应用文的形式出现的,但其主要内容也属于说明文。以下是2013年高考说明文的分类统计:

  分析上表可以看出,去年高考英语说明文以图画或者文字形式出现,并且常与其他文体

  整合考察。要求学生能够按照一定的说明顺序对一定事物或事理进行介绍和说明,以达到实际应用和交际的目的。 ***二***技巧策略

  写说明文宜采用三段式:第一段主要介绍要说明的对象及说明的目的;第二段说明事物的主要特征或做事情的方法步骤;第三段进行总结概括。时态通常用一般现在时。

  写作时应遵循以下几个步骤:

  1、仔细审题,明确说明对象,抓住要说明的事物或事理的主要特征。

  2、选择合理的说明顺序***时间顺序、空间顺序或逻辑顺序***分层次进行说明,注意条理清晰。

  3、选择恰当的说明方法,比如定义法、举例法、比较法和细节描述法等,不要遗漏主要内容。

  4、根据说明顺序及内容确定过渡词和恰当的句型结构。文字应客观、简洁、明了,不要追求华丽和加入太多个人观点。 5、图标类作文注意:

  ***1***图表和数据内容不一定要全部描述。 ***2***善于抓住总的规律,趋势,归纳增减率。

  ***3***时态:特定时间用过去时。经常出现的情况或自己的评述用一般现在时。 ***4***要适当运用一些高级词汇并灵活使用图表类写作常用的经典好句型。 ***三***常用表达 1、过渡词

  表顺序:first, second, third, in the first place, above all, at first, in the beginning, to begin with, besides, what’s more, in addition, furthermore, moreover, another, also, especially, in particular 表时间:first, then, next, after that, next, finally now, at present, recently, after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days, form now on, from then on, at the same time, meanwhile, till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during,

  表示解释说明:for example, for instance, in this case, such as…, take… for example,in fact, actually

  表顺序:first, then, next, finally, in the first place, last but not least, above all, first and foremost,

  表递进:in addition,besides,fruthermore,what’s more,on the other hand,meanwhile,for one thing…for another, on top of that, apart from that,

  表举例:for example,for instance,such as,a typical ***striking*** example is that,a case in point 表目的: for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to,

  表总结:in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, as we all know, as has been stated, as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion,

  2、常用句型:

  1*** Nowadays it is common to use…, but not knowing how to use…keeps many people away

  from enjoying the wonderful service that …has brought us.

  2*** As is known to all, it is important to …. Therefore, an increasing number of people are

  showing more interest in how to …

  3*** With the development of …, there is an increasing need for people to know how to …

  4*** There are several steps to follow./ Here are some tips.

  5*** The first thing to do is to …

  6*** Although …is important, but without …, all the efforts you have made will be in vain.

  7*** To ensure success, there is one more thing that you must bear in mind, that is…

  8*** If you can do what has been mentioned above, you can guarantee success.

  9*** With the help of the above methods, you will achieve you goal soon.

  3、图表式作文写作模板

  It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years ***as X varies***. At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of …***多少***.

  What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are …***多少*** reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …***第一个原因***. More importantly, …***第二个原因***. Most important of all, …***第三个原因***.

  From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time ***if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势***

  范文

  Mark Twain

  马克?吐温

  Mark Twin***1853~1910***,one of the best known American writers in the nineteenth century, was born in Missouri in the middle part of the United States.

  Mark Twain’s hometown lay on the banks of the Mississippi River, where he spent his childhood. When he grew up he worked as a pilot on a river boat for some time. Mark Twain is his pen name, he took it from the shout of the sailor measuring the depth of the water when the water was two marks deep on the lead line.

  Mark Twain wrote a lot of novels, one of which is TOM SAWYER, the masterpiece which brought him fame and honour. Some of his writings have been translated into many languages. He and his works are deeply loved by readers throughout the world.

  the nineteenth century 19世纪

  in the middle part of 在……中部

  the Mississippi River 密西西比河

  grow up 长大

  pen name 笔名

  TOM SAWYER 汤姆?索亚历险记

  translate...into 把……译成……

  范文2

  China’s First Spaceman?Yang Liwei

  中国的第一个太空人??杨利伟

  Yang Liwei, born in Liaoning Province, who is a pilot, is 38 years old.

  On Oct.15th, China launched its Shenzhou Ⅴ manned spacecraft, with astronaut Yang Liwei aboard and Yang has become China’s first astronaut. Yang and his spacecraft orbited the earth 14 times during about 21 hours before he safely landed in North China the next day. The successful launch and return of the spacecraft made China the third country in space after Russia and the United States, and this marked the great success of the manned space program of China.

  born in Liaoning Province 生于辽宁省

  launch Shenzhou Ⅴ manned spacecraft 发射神州五号人造飞船

  spacecraft orbited the earth 14 times 人造飞船绕地球轨道飞行14周

  the successful launch and return of the spacecraft

  人造飞船的成功发射和回归

  This marked the great success of the manned space program of China.

  这标志着中国在人造飞船方面取得了巨大的成功。

  

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